What’s in the sky tonight? / Ce este în acestă seară pe cer?

AUGUST 2017

21 August 2017

August 21 – New Moon

11 -12 August 2017

August 11,12 – Perseids Meteor Shower. The Perseids is one of the best meteor showers to observe, producing up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by comet Swift-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1862. The Perseids are famous for producing a large number of bright meteors. The shower runs annually from July 17 to August 24. It peaks this year on the night of August 11 and the morning of August 12. The waning gibbous moon will block out many of the fainter meteors this year, but the Perseids are so bright and numerous that it should still be a good show. Best viewing will be from a dark location after midnight. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Perseus, but can appear anywhere in the sky.

7 august 2017

August 7th – Full Moon.


IULIE 2017

30 iulie 2017

July 30 – Mercury at Greatest Eastern Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches greatest eastern elongation of 27.2 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the planet low in the western sky just after sunset.

29-30 iulie 2017

July 29, 30 – Delta Aquarids Meteor Shower. The Delta Aquarids is an average shower that can produce up to 20 meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by debris left behind by comets Marsden and Kracht. The shower runs annually from July 12 to August 23. It peaks this year on the night of July 29 and morning of July 30. The crescent moon will set by midnight, leaving dark skies for what should be a good early morning show. Best viewing will be from a dark location after midnight. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky.

23 iulie 2017

July 23 – New Moon.

9 iulie 2017

July 9Full Moon. The Moon will be located on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 04:07 UTC. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Buck Moon because the male buck deer would begin to grow their new antlers at this time of year. This moon has also been known as the Full Thunder Moon and the Full Hay Moon.


IUNIE 2017

24 iunie 2017

June 24 – New Moon.

21 iunie 2017

June 21 – June Solstice. The June solstice occurs at 04:24 UTC. The North Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will have reached its northernmost position in the sky and will be directly over the Tropic of Cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude. This is the first day of summer (summer solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of winter (winter solstice) in the Southern Hemisphere.

15 iunie 2017

June 15thSaturn at Opposition. The ringed planet will be at its closest approach to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of the year and will be visible all night long. This is the best time to view and photograph Saturn and its moons. A medium-sized or larger telescope will allow you to see Saturn’s rings and a few of its brightest moons.

9 Iunie 2017

June 9thFull Moon.

3 iunie 2017

June 3rd – Venus at Greatest Western Elongation. The planet Venus reaches greatest eastern elongation of 45.9 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Venus since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the bright planet in the eastern sky before sunrise.

2 iunie 2017 – Thomas Pesquet

  •  On June 2nd 2017  ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet landed on Earth after 196 days on space. He was part of ISS Expedition 51 crew members.

  • On June 2nd in 1977, 14 delegates from nations around the world, as well as United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim, recorded greetings for the Voyager space probes’ “golden records.” These gold-plated copper records contained information on Earth’s multitude of cultures so that any being who finds the records can play them. In total, 12 records were made, two of which were placed on Voyagers 1 & 2. Both probes launched a month apart in 1977. In addition to the delegates’ messages, the golden records contained greetings in 55 dialects (54 human languages + humpback whale), as well as images from Earth and instructions on how to play the records. They also contained samples of the isotope uranium-238, enabling future spacefarers to measure the radioactive decay and determine the age of the records. Voyager 1 is now in interstellar space, having been the first spacecraft to leave the solar system (pic is of Voyager 2 launch). You can listen to the greetings and other sounds on our NASA Soundcloud page by clicking here .
  • 2 June 1955, the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan became operational and is still the world’s largest space launch facility today. Built in 1955, when Kazakhstan was part of the Soviet Union, Baikonur covers 6717 square kilometres and extends 75 kilometres from north to south and 90 kilometres from east to west. The base contains dozens of launch pads, five tracking-control centres, nine tracking stations and a 1500-kilometre rocket test range. It was from Baikonur that the first satellite to orbit the Earth was launched, and that Yuri Gagarin, the first man to orbit the Earth, was launched into space in 1961.

  • 2 June 1858, the Donati Comet was first seen and named after its discoverer, Giovanni Battista Donati, in Florence, Italy. After the Great Comet of 1811, it was the most brilliant comet that appeared in the 19th century, and it was also the first one to be photographed. Due to its long elliptical orbit, it is estimated that Donati’s Comet will not be seen passing by Earth again until the 4th millennium, more exactly, the comet will probably not return till the year 3858, as its period of revolution is approximately 2000 years.


MAI2017

31 mai 2017

31 May 2015, the international Cassini mission performed a flyby of Saturn’s moon Hyperion at a distance of about 34 000 km. This flyby marked the mission’s final close approach to Saturn’s largest irregularly shaped moon.

30 mai 2017

30 May 1975, the Convention was signed for the creation of a single European Space Agency.

29 mai 2017

Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer, born on 29 May, 1794 (died 14 March, 1847). He, with Wilhelm Beer (1797 – 1850) published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. (1834-36). It was the first lunar map to be divided into quadrants, and it remained unsurpassed in its detail until J.F. Julius Schmidt’s (1825 – 1884) map of 1878. Mädler and Beer also published the first systematic chart of the surface features of the planet Mars (1830).

26 mai 2017

26 May 1980, Hungary entered the ranks of space-faring nations with the launch of Bertalan Farkas, the first Hungarian cosmonaut to fly to the Salyut 6 space station on the fifth Interkosmos mission. He and his two crew-mates spent just under eight days in space.

25 mai 2017

  • May 25 – New Moon
  • 25 May 2012, a cargo variant of the SpaceX Dragon became the first commercial spacecraft to successfully rendezvous with and attach to the International Space Station.

18 mai 2017

18 May 1991, the first British astronaut and the first western European woman in space, Helen Sharman, is launched on Soyuz.

17 mai 2017

May 17th  – Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches greatest western elongation of 25.8 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just before sunrise.

15 mai 2017

15 May 1857, Scottish-American astronomer Williamina Paton Stevens Fleming was born in Dundee, Scotland. She was a pioneer in the classification of stellar spectra and the first to discover stars called “white dwarfs.” During the course of her career, Fleming discovered 10 novae, 52 nebulae, and 310 variable stars.

14 mai 2017

Launched on 14 May 1981, Soyuz 40 was the ninth Interkosmos mission. The crew was Russian cosmonaut Leonid Popov and Dumitru Prunariu, the first cosmonaut from Romania. Following a one-day solo flight, Soyuz 40 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on 15 May. During the next days the crew performed scientific work with the fifth resident crew. Soyuz 40 was the last of the original Soyuz spacecraft (it was replaced by the Soyuz-T) and the last Soyuz spacecraft to dock with Salyut 6. It also ended the first phase of the Intercosmos programme. The crew landed on 22 May after spending 7 days and 20 hours in space.

10 mai 2017

  • May 10 – Full Moon.
  • 10 May 1900, Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin was born. An English-born astronomer, she was the first to apply laws of atomic physics to the study of the temperature and density of stellar bodies, and the first to conclude that hydrogen and helium are the two most common elements in the Universe.

6-7 mai 2017

May 6, 7 – Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower. The Eta Aquarids is an above average shower, capable of producing up to 60 meteors per hour at its peak. Most of the activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. In the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach about 30 meteors per hour. It is produced by dust particles left behind by comet Halley, which has known and observed since ancient times. The shower runs annually from April 19 to May 28. It peaks this year on the night of May 6 and the morning of the May 7. The waxing gibbous moon will block out many of the fainter meteors this year. But if you are patient, you should be able to catch quite a few of the brighter ones. Best viewing will be from a dark location after midnight. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky.


APRILIE 2017

29 aprilie 2017

April 29International Astronomy Day. Astronomy Day is an annual event intended to provide a means of interaction between the general public and various astronomy enthusiasts, groups and professionals. The theme of Astronomy Day is “Bringing Astronomy to the People,” and on this day astronomy and stargazing clubs and other organizations around the world will plan special events. You can find out about special local events by contacting your local astronomy club or planetarium.

28 aprilie 2017

28 April 1900, the Dutch astronomer Jan Hendrik Oort was born. By the time of his death, at the age of 92, Professor Oort was recognised as one of the greatest astronomers of the 20th century. Both an observer and a theorist, Oort revolutionised astronomy through his ground-breaking discoveries. He is best known for his suggestion that the Solar System is surrounded by a vast cloud of perhaps 100 000 million comets. By studying the orbits of long-period comets, Oort noticed that many of them seem to originate in a zone far beyond the orbit of Pluto. Although he was not the first astronomer to propose such a comet swarm, the as-yet unconfirmed cloud is usually known as the ‘Oort Cloud’.

27 aprilie 2017

27 April 2007, Poland became the fourth country to sign a European Cooperating State Agreement with ESA. Poland was one of the first eastern European countries to conclude a Cooperation Agreement with ESA in the field of the peaceful use of outer space, signed in 1994, followed by another one in January 2002.

24 aprilie 2017

24 April 1066, a comet appeared in the sky over Hastings in England. The Bayeaux Tapestry was woven fourteen years later to commemorate William of Normandy’s victory at the Battle of Hastings (on 14 October 1066), and depicted the comet. At the time when it appeared, in the spring of that year, the comet was seen as a bad omen. The Chinese first observed this comet in 239 BC. Between the years 239 BC and the present day, the orbital period has varied from 76.0 years (in 1986) to 79.3 years (in 451 and 1066). In 1986, when Comet Halley passed Earth, ESA sent its Giotto probe to study the comet. It flew within 500 km from the comet and sent back close-up photographs of this famous object.

22 aprilie 2017

22 April 1715, a total solar eclipse was observed in England from Cornwall in the south-west to Lincolnshire and Norfolk in the east. It was also observed in Ireland. This eclipse is known as Halley’s Eclipse, after Edmond Halley who predicted this eclipse to within 4 minutes accuracy.

21-22 aprilie 2017

April 21, 22 – Lyrids Meteor Shower. The Lyrids is an average shower, usually producing about 20 meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by dust particles left behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher, which was discovered in 1861. The shower runs annually from April 16-25. It peaks this year on the night of the night of the 21st and and morning of the 22nd. These meteors can sometimes produce bright dust trails that last for several seconds. The crescent moon should not be too much of a problem this year. Skies should still be dark enough for a good show. Best viewing will be from a dark location after midnight. Meteors will radiate from the constellation Lyra, but can appear anywhere in the sky.

17 aprilie 2017

17 April 1598, the Italian astronomer Giovanni Riccioli was born. Riccioli was the first to observe a double star – Mizar in Ursa Major – in 1650. He also discovered the shadows of moons on Jupiter. In 1651, he assigned most of the feature names of the Moon in current use. He named the more prominent features after famous astronomers, scientists and philosophers, while the large dark and smooth areas he called ‘maria’, or seas. His Moon map was published in Almagestum Novum in 1651. This was one of Riccioli’s most significant works, consisting of over 1500 folio pages densely packed with text, tables and illustrations. It became a standard technical reference book for astronomers all over Europe.

15 aprilie 2017

15 April 1452, Leonardo di ser Piero, was born in Vinci, Italy. Known as Leonardo da Vinci, and most famous for his paintings, he was an Italian Renaissance artist also diversely talented in, among other things, sculpture, architecture, music, science, anatomy and engineering. Leonardo was fascinated by the phenomenon of flight, studying the flight of birds, creating concepts for flying machines and designs for a parachute and a helicopter. This image is a self-portrait in red chalk, date 1513, courtesy of the Biblioteca Reale, Turin.

14 aprilie 2017

14 April 1629, Christiaan Huygens was born. Huygens was a prominent Dutch mathematician a leading scientist of his time. He is known particularly as an astronomer, and his work included early telescopic studies of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan. He is also known for the invention of the pendulum clock and other investigations in timekeeping.

12 aprilie 2017

On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin made history as the first human to leave Earth and orbit our home planet. In keeping with established practice, the Soviet Union did not announce the flight until it had been successful. This statement by the USSR’s ambassador to the US was part of the official announcement.

Gagarin’s flight, combined with the failed Bay of Pigs invasion which began only five days later, and other setbacks in the early months of his Administration prompted U.S. President John F. Kennedy to attempt a “re-boot.” On May 25, 1961, in a special address to Congress, Kennedy laid out a number of “urgent national needs.” In one part of the speech he said, “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth”. He thus started America on a race with the Soviet Union to the Moon when the sum total of US human spaceflight experience was the 15-minute suborbital flight by Alan Shepard twenty days earlier (on May 5, 1961).

12 April 1987, the International Space University was founded.

11 aprilie 2017

April 11 – Full Moon.

7 aprilie 2017

April 7 – Jupiter at Opposition. The giant planet will be at its closest approach to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of the year and will be visible all night long. This is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter and its moons. A medium-sized telescope should be able to show you some of the details in Jupiter’s cloud bands. A good pair of binoculars should allow you to see Jupiter’s four largest moons, appearing as bright dots on either side of the planet.

1 aprilie 2017

April 1 – Mercury at Greatest Eastern Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches greatest eastern elongation of 19 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the planet low in the western sky just after sunset.


MARTIE 2017

28 Martie 2017

March 28 – New Moon.

25 martie 2017

25 March 1655, Dutch mathematician and astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovered Saturn’s moon Titan. Huygens made not only major breakthroughs in astronomy, but also in optics and physics, and he invented the pendulum clock. Many argue that, among his contemporaries, he was second only to Isaac Newton in scientific greatness.

20 martie 2017

March 20 – March Equinox.. The Sun will shine directly on the equator and there will be nearly equal amounts of day and night throughout the world. This is also the first day of spring (vernal equinox) in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.

16 martie 2017

16 March 1750, astronomer Caroline Herschel was born, in Hanover, Germany, the sister of German-born British astronomer Sir William Herschel. Caroline was the first woman officially recognised in a scientific position, and the first woman to receive honorary membership into the UK’s Royal Astronomical Society. She made significant contributions to the field of astronomy, notably the discovery of several comets and in particular Comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet, which bears her name. Asteroid 281 Lucretia (discovered 1888) was named after her second given name, and the crater C. Herschel on the Moon is also named after her.

13 martie 2017

13 March 1781, amateur astronomer William Herschel discovered a new planet: Uranus, the seventh planet from the Sun. While surveying the night sky Herschel spotted what he thought was a comet. He saw that the object was moving, but too slowly for a comet. An object so far away, with such a slow motion could only be one thing: a planet. It would be the first to be discovered for 2000 years and the first to be found with a telescope.

12 martie 2017

  • March 12 – Full Moon. The Moon will be located on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 14:54 UTC. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Worm Moon because this was the time of year when the ground would begin to soften and the earthworms would reappear. This moon has also been known as the Full Crow Moon, the Full Crust Moon, the Full Sap Moon, and the Lenten Moon.
  • On this day (March 12) in 2008, the Cassini probe made a close fly by of Enceladus, an icy moon orbiting Saturn. At its closest, Cassini flew within 50 kilometers (30 miles) from the moon’s surface and intentionally flew through the icy geyser plumes coming out of the fractures on Enceladus’ southern pole. This was the fifth time Cassini had flown by the moon and each of them had revealed startling new information about Enceladus. On this fly by Cassini found a surprising brew of volatile gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, as well as organic materials, some 20 times denser than expected in the plumes. Initially launched in October 1997, Cassini has been active for nearly 20 years and is set to complete its mission September 15, 2017, when the probe is scheduled to descend into Saturn’s atmosphere, burning up in the process.

7 martie 2017

7 March 1792, Sir John F.W. Herschel was born, son of the astronomer William Herschel, who had discovered the planet Uranus in 1781. Herschel originated the use of the Julian day system in astronomy, he named seven moons of Saturn and four moons of Uranus and was a founding member of the Royal Astronomical Society.


FEBRUARIE 2017

26 Februarie 2017

February 26 – New Moon.

19 februarie 2017

19 February 1473, Nicolaus Copernicus was born in the city of Toruń (Thorn) in Poland. Copernicus was the Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated the ‘heliocentric model’ of the Solar System which placed the Sun, rather than Earth, at the centre. The publication of his book, ‘De revolutionibus orbium coelestium’ (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), just before his death in 1543, is considered a major event in the history of science – beginning the Copernican Revolution and contributing importantly to the scientific revolution (the emergence of modern science).

18 februarie 2017

18 February 1677, Jacques Cassini was born. He was the son of astronomer, mathematician and engineer Giovanni Domenico Cassini, with whom he made numerous astronomical observations. Eventually, he took over his father’s duties as head of the Paris Observatory. His direct measurement of the proper motions of the stars (1738) disproved the ancient belief in the unchanging sphere of the stars. He also studied the moons of Jupiter and Saturn and the structure of Saturn’s rings.

16 februarie 2017

On February 16th 1948, while examining a series of telescopic photos at Texas’ McDonald Observatory, astronomer Gerard Kuiper discovered a new moon in orbit around the planet Uranus. Dubbed Miranda, after the daughter of Prospero in William Shakespeare’s “The Tempest,” it was the last moon of Uranus to be discovered until Voyager 2’s made a close flyby of the planet nearly 40 years later in 1986. (Voyager 2 is the only space probe, so far, to have made a flyby of Uranus.) Miranda is most notable for its incredibly varied and inconsistent terrain, featuring collections of ridges, valleys and giant fault canyons that measure 12 times deeper than the Grand Canyon. The cause of this amazing landscape is not agreed upon by scientists, some suggest that the moon may have been smashed apart in a massive collision, then haphazardly reassembled, while others suggest that meteorite strikes triggered a cycle of subsurface ice melting and refreezing.

17 februarie 2017

17 February 2006, Romania signed a European Cooperating State Agreement with ESA, becoming the third European country to join this status. Romania eventually went on to become ESA’s 19th Member State on 22 December 2011.

15 februarie 2017

15 February 1564, Galileo Galilei was born. He has been called the ‘father of observational astronomy’, the ‘father of modern physics’, the ‘father of scientific method’, and the ‘father of science’.

14 februarie 2017

14th February 1614, English philosopher John Wilkins. Wilkins was one of the founding members of the Royal Society of London and author of a variety of books. In 1638 his ‘Discovery of a New World in the Moone’ was published which was an early English defence of Galileo’s argument that the Moon is just like the Earth – rocky, cratered, and covered with mountains and oceans. In a 1640 re-issue of the book, Wilkins added a long chapter on how we might get to the Moon.

11 februarie 2017

February 11 – Full Moon. The Moon will be located on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 00:33 UTC. This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Snow Moon because the heaviest snows usually fell during this time of the year. Since hunting is difficult, this moon has also been known by some tribes as the Full Hunger Moon, since the harsh weather made hunting difficult.

5 februarie 2017

On 5th february 1788, Sir William Herschel discovered this galaxy, NGC 2683, otherwise nicknamed the ‘UFO Galaxy’.


IANUARIE 2017

28 ianuarie 2017

January 28 – New Moon. The Moon will located on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.

28 January 1611, Johannes Hevelius, the Polish/Lithuanian astronomer, was born in Gdańsk. He studied at Leiden University in the Netherlands, and is credited as being ‘the founder of lunar topography’ (he spent four years charting the lunar surface and discovered the Moon’s libration in longitude). In 1647 he published his observations and drawings in Selenographia, the first scientific treatise dedicated solely to the Moon. Hevelius also studied sunspots, discovered four comets and described ten new constellations, seven of which are still recognised by astronomers today. He also died on his birthday, 28 January, in 1687.

19 ianuarie 2017

On January 19th,  Mercury at Greatest Western Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches greatest western elongation of 24.1 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the morning sky.

15 ianuarie 2017 – Tim Peake

 On 15 January 2016, Tim Peake becomes first British ESA astronaut to make a spacewalk from the International Space Station.

tim-peake

13 ianuarie 2017 – Calisto

On 13 January 1610, Galileo discovered a fourth moon of Jupiter, later named Callisto. He had discovered three of Jupiter’s four largest satellites a few days earlier. On the 10th and 11th January he only saw two stars, on the 12th observed three again, and finally, on January 13th, 1610, he identified all four of what we now refer to as the “Galilean Moons”: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. It is now known that Callisto is larger than the planet Mercury, and composed mostly of water and water ice with large quantities of ice exposed on the surface.

calisto

(sursa foto: NASA’s Galileo spacecraft, taken in May 2001.)

12 ianuarie 2017  – Lună plină

  • All of the year’s full moons have names, which were given to them by Native American tribes living in the eastern and northern United States. January’s full moon is known primarily as the “Wolf Moon,” according to the Farmers’ Almanac. In the Southern Hemisphere, the January full moon is known as the Hay Moon, Buck Moon, Thunder Moon or Mead Moon, according to Earthsky.org.

corlan-full-moon

  • Venus at Greatest Eastern Elongation. The planet Venus reaches greatest eastern elongation of 47.1 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Venus since it will be at its highest point above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the bright planet in the western sky after sunset.

11 ianuarie 2017 –  11 January 1787, Sir William Herschel, the German-born British astronomer, discovered two moons of Uranus: Titania and Oberon.

He had already discovered Uranus in 1781. It would be almost five decades after Titania and Oberon were discovered that an astronomer other than Herschel would observe them. (Pic: Calvin J. Hamilton, Titania on the left, Oberon on the right).

(sursa foto:
https://wordlesstech.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Jupiter-Near-Opposition-2.jpg și http://www.hko.gov.hk/education/images/fig_00406_saturn_position_e.gif)

FEBRUARIE 2016

08  februarie 2016 – Lună Nouă. Luna va fi între Pământ şi Soare şi nu va fi vizibilă de pe Pământ

moon-phase

15 februarie  2016 – Luna la primul pătrar.

22  februarie 2016 – Lună Plină. Pământul va fi între Soare și Lună, şi deci, Luna va  fi pe deplin luminată aşa cum se vede de pe Pământ.


IANUARIE 2016

30 ianuarie 2016 – Luna la apogeu. Luna ajunge la cel mai îndepărtat punct de Pământ (404553 km de Pământ).

perigee-apogee

24 ianuarie 2016 “Alinierea planetelor”

Timp de două săptămâni, planetele Mercur, Venus, Marte, Jupiter și Saturn vor apărea pe cerul nopții împreună pentru prima oară din 2005. Fenomenul este vizibil și din România. Cea mai bună priveliște a fenomenului va fi posibilă în dimineața de 5 februarie, însă planetele vor putea fi observate pe cer și până atunci.

Alinierea planetelor
(sursa foto:
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10208615211960397&set=a.1431551511448.2059130.1312697388&type=3&theater)
15 ianuarie 2016 – Luna ajunge la perigeu, cel mai apropiat punct de Pământ (369619 km de Pământ)
luna-la-perigeu
3-4 ianuarie 2016 – Quadrantidele
Ploaia de meteori Quadrantide, ajunge să aibă până la 40 de meteori pe oră, de obicei pe 3 şi 4 ianuarie, dar pot fi vizibili de pe 1 la 5 ianuarie. Rata cea mai mare de meteori pe oră, a avut loc în 1932 (80 pe oră). Meteorii radiază dinspre constelaţia Bootes, aproape de Steaua Nordului.
quadrantide
Sursa acestei ploi de meteori a fost necunoscută până în decembrie 2003 când Peter Jenniskens de la Ames Research Center (NASA) a descoperit dovezi că toţi meteorii Quadrantidelor provin de la 2003 EH1, un “asteroid”, care este probabil o bucată dintr-o cometă care s-a dezintegrat cu 500 ani în urmă (o cometă “moartă”). Quadrantidele se vad cel mai bine din emisfera nordica, la inceputul fiecarui an. Meteorii par ca vin dintr-o zona aflata intre constelatiile Hercules, Bootes si Draco.
(sursa foto:
http://www.ziuaveche.ro/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Quadrantide.jpg)
2-3 ianuarie 2015 Pământul ajunge la periheliu (adică la cea mai mică distanță de Soare).
perihelion-aphelion-svg
(sursa foto:  
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perihelion_and_aphelion#/media/File:Perihelion-Aphelion.svg)

DECEMBRIE 2015

25 decembrie 2015 – Crăciunul cu lună plină
25 decembrie 2015 – Pământul va fi între Soare și Lună, şi deci, Luna va  fi pe deplin luminată aşa cum se vede de pe Pământ. Această fază are loc la 13:11 ora României.
fool-moon-decembrie-2015
(sursa foto: 
https://www.facebook.com/curiositydotcom/photos/a.293459797348511.88330.206936646000827/1181871661840649/?type=3&theater)

23 decembrie 2015 Ocultația Lunii cu steaua Aldebaran (luna “acoperă” steaua Aldebaran, cea mai strălucitoare stea din constelația Taurus. Pentru că Luna este mai aproape de Pământ decât Aldebaran, cea din urmă a dispărut în spatele primei, un fenomen denumit „ocultație”.)
22 decembrie 2015 – Solstițiul de iarnă, iar în această perioadă (18-26 decembrie) vom avea parte de cele mai scurte zile din an – începutul iernii astronomice.

21 decembrie2015 Luna se află la perigeu, adică la cea mai mică depărtare de Terra.

Luna la perigeu
Luna la perigeu
(sursa foto:
http://observatoriosofia.blogspot.ro/2015/03/equinocio-perigeu-da-lua-e-eclipse-solar.html)

18 decembrie 2015Primul Pătrar al lunii

13-15 decembrie 2015 – Geminidele

Geminidele sunt o ploaie de meteori provocată de asteroidul 3200 Phaeton, despre care se presupune că ar fi o cometă stinsă. Geminidele vor putea fi observate în acest an în noaptea de duminică spre luni (13/14 decembrie), dar şi în noaptea de luni spre marţi (14/15 decembrie).

Geminidele
Geminidele

NOIEMBRIE 2015

17-18 noiembrie 2015 Leonidele

2-4 noiembrie 2015 3 planete, Venus Jupiter și Marte se pot vedea pe același cer!


OCTOMBRIE 2015

Octombrie 2015- Martie 2015  Aurora Boreală – Northen Lights – vizibilă din țările nordice: Islanda, Suedia, Norvegia, Finlanda, Canada, Alaska, Groenlanda

Aurora Boreală
Aurora Boreală
(sursa foto: 
http://science.nasa.gov/international-year-light/international-year-light-blogs/2015/7/6/july-1-2015-northern-lights-magic-light-display-pal-brekke/)

29-30 octombrie 2015 – Ocultația Lunii cu Aldebaran (luna “acoperă” steaua)


SEPTEMBRIE 2015

27 – 28 septembrie 2015Super Luna şi eclipsa de Lună



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